How many lighting scenarios should be in the apartment?

In order for the house to be as comfortable and comfortable as possible, it is necessary to plan the lighting accurately. And it is necessary to approach this issue correctly, having prepared a scenario of light in advance, which will help with the design and contribute to creating a pleasant atmosphere during your stay.

Light in the apartment is one of the most important structural elements. Depending on the intensity and quantity, it can change the perception of interior items and the design of the room as a whole. For light, a separate project is usually drawn up, in which a drawing of the layout of all appliances and standing furniture, partitions and levels is drawn. We take into account colors and textures, materials and sizes, capacities and even practical purpose of the room. Such a plan is called a light scenario, and for each room it has its own. Let us analyze them in more detail.

In my opinion, there should be at least three light scenarios: general lighting, general lighting, spotlighting. Then the nuances begin, directly related to the artistic image, the functional of the room, the nature of the customer and the geographical location of the apartment. It is also important that the scripts are simple and understandable to the user.

Scenario 1. Corridor

In the hallway, as, indeed, in any other room, light is needed. But the need for it is limited only to undress-strip and go to the next room. Therefore, lighting can not be wasted – buy luminaires of closed form, and make switches pass through (especially if the corridor is quite long). You can separately highlight the area near the mirror and the hanger, or a wall cabinet, if any. The level of illumination usually does not exceed 100 lumens per square meter.


Scenario 2. Living room

The living room is a room where much of the time is spent, rather than placing the script at number 1. There is also a recreation area, a place for talking or watching TV, and a workspace, if there is none in other parts of the apartment. Accordingly, the level of illumination should be higher – 200 lumens. It is simplest to light the light according to different heights: the upper one as the main one, while the lower lamps, lamps or fireplace are additional. These “islands of light” are ideal for giving the room a diversity and uniqueness.

In addition to basic ceiling lighting, it is important to use table and floor lamps. This is due to the fact that in the zone of the soft group there should be a separate, more diffuse lighting, which, if necessary, can be moved around the room. In addition, with the help of floor lamps and table lamps you can create different lighting scenarios – to make it more subdued when you receive guests or relax after a day’s work.

living room
living room

Scenario 3. Kitchen

Here there are important processes associated with cooking. Accordingly, the lighting should be stable and bright, without glare, muffled or abrupt transitions from light to shadow. The output is the general lighting at the top and additional lamps directed strictly to the work area. Separately, you can gently illuminate the dining table. The main thing is to remember the shadow effect, so that it does not interfere with cooking and eating.

In the kitchen there should be several lighting scenarios. The main ceiling light does not give you enough light during cooking, so it’s important to take care of the necessary level of illumination in the kitchen work area. Most often these are built-in LED lamps above the stove and counter top.


Scenario 4. Bedroom

It is very important that in the bedroom there is as easy access to the switches as possible, and the lighting itself must be muffled. Many put dimmers, and even more people hang lamps right above the pillow to create individual lighting, without disturbing those who are around. Ideal both for reading and for creating a decorative or romantic atmosphere.
To the children’s bedroom a little bit different requirements – it should be comfortable to play or study. Therefore, in the nursery, in addition to the night lamp, which helps the child to fall asleep quickly, it is important to provide a fairly bright basic lighting. If the child already goes to school and the room has a desk, it must have a reading lamp on it.


Scenario 5. Bathroom

In the bathroom, the correct solution is the mirror illumination. On the ceiling and walls can be any plafonds, both bright and matte. But a mirror is absolutely necessary, and the entire area around it should be illuminated as best as possible to see yourself reflected as clearly as possible to give an appearance that matches the mood and plans.
The only zones in the bathrooms that require lighting are the bath area or the shower and washbasin area. Therefore, usually in the bathrooms have two types of lamps: a ceiling built-in lamp and a lamp in the mirror area above the washbasin. If the bathroom is a laundry function, it is important to ensure that the area of ​​the washing machine is light enough to look at the stains on clothing if necessary.

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How To Drill a Concrete Wall

Sooner or later most people living in houses with concrete walls need to hang a locker, a lamp, a shelf or a picture. At this point, there is an urgent question about how to drill a concrete wall. It’s no secret that every home master has faced this problem at least once in his life, but not everyone knows how to solve it. Many bravely torture a drill and their own strength, but without achieving the desired result, they throw everything to the next attempt to make a hole in the wall. But the drill, in the end, breaks, and the shelves and remain to stay somewhere in the corner of the room or dust in the pantry. But the options, nevertheless, are – they just need to know and be able to use them.

Drilling hole in concrete wall

Concrete structures are strong enough and difficult to drill. In addition, quite often drills come across rubble, which is part of the concrete mixture, from which the wall and ceiling slabs are molded.
The holes in the concrete have to be made quite often, especially in the process:

  • Finishing works;
  • Installation of furniture;
  • Air conditioning suspension;
  • Additional device of electric wiring;
  • Installation of plumbing.
  • You can solve the problem of holes in a concrete wall in two ways:
  • Shock drill, and preferably a perforator, with a winning drill;
  • Diamond drilling.

It is worth noting that it is not possible to make a hole in a concrete wall with conventional drills, therefore, before starting work, it is necessary to purchase drills with specially welded plates of high-strength winning alloy, which perfectly cope with concrete and brick. But for soft materials, it is not recommended to use them, since they do not cut the winning drills, but crush them.

What will help the home master?

In domestic conditions, when it is necessary to make 2-3 holes in concrete, you can do without a conventional drill, without impact function. To do this, as the winning drill is dipped into the body of the wall from time to time, break the concrete with a strong metal pin (punch), which coincides in size with the hole diameter. It is used in the case when the drill begins to “stall” in the wall. At this point, a steel punch is inserted into the hole and begins to be beaten with a hammer or sledge hammer, trying to crush too dense patches and punch the hole deeper. At the same time, the pin is twisted slightly. Then an unstressed drill can again come into operation.
All the above described actions are repeated one by one until the hole increases to the required depth. This method is quite laborious and tedious, but for a couple of holes is quite acceptable.

Alternatively, when drilling holes in concrete, you can use universal drills that have diamond spraying. They are highly effective when working with metal, crushed stone and concrete. They can be installed only on an ordinary electric drill, or on a tool with the vibration function turned off.

Work with the drill must be extremely cautious, otherwise it will fail too quickly. Advice given by professionals – to avoid overheating of the drill, it should be dampened with cold water from time to time.

How to choose the right tool?

The first is you need to make sure that the wall is no communication. Learn it will help us a special tool stud finder. Review on this tool you can read by this link.For a larger amount of work, a punch or drill with impact function is required, and drill bits with winning tips. The impact drill combines rotational with reciprocating motion, which helps it to cope perfectly with lightweight concrete, and to the question of how to drill a concrete wall that is a carrier is a simple answer – the best assistant will be a perforator whose main purpose is to punch precisely concrete fences. There is one more difference:

  • The impact drill is designed for drilling holes not exceeding 12 mm in diameter;
  • The puncher is able to drill large holes.

Drill found in the body of the concrete wall reinforcement should be drills for metal.

How do they drill large holes?

Professionals, constantly encountering the problem of drilling holes in concrete, use special equipment, which includes:

  • Powerful electric motor;
  • Drilling drive;
  • Diamond drills-crowns of different diameters;
  • Fixed on the base of the guide post.

Diamond drilling allows you to make holes of large diameter – up to 40 cm. The process takes place quickly enough, efficiently, without unnecessary dust and noise. The water is automatically supplied to the drilling site, which simultaneously cools the diamond bit and flushes the dust.

When diamond drilling holes are obtained in exact shape and legible in outline, with a polished inner surface. They can be made in various enclosing structures at any angle to the horizon, and the possibility of cracks or chips in the concrete is completely excluded. Destruction occurs only at the location of the future hole.
Diamond drilling is done by specialized companies, so if necessary, drill holes in large diameter concrete, you can invite masters with their equipment. And it is not necessary to buy a diamond drilling rig specially for this purpose.

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Attached to the house terrace

How to Equip the Terrace. Terrace Ideas

Attached to the house terrace

Attached to the house is a terrace, which includes, as a rule, a rest area, a dining area, a game and a fireplace area or a barbecue. This is a 100-percent terrace for summer holidays, you can do by yourself.

Furniture for the veranda is selected as convenient and functional as possible, because whatever its coverage, rain will fall in any case, which should not spoil the whole design.

Attached to the house terrace
Attached to the house terrace

Covered terrace

The covered terrace looks excellent at home regardless of its style, and therefore it is simply important to make it as seamlessly integrated into the overall concept. To equip the verandas of a private house often use stone, metal and wood.

The terrace design should be as simple and qualitative as possible. Rattan, wood furniture is also popular. Do not forget about the soft sofas – modern upholstery created specifically for the street, doing wonders. This is convenient, and will not interfere with the design.

Covered teracce
Covered teracce

Glazed terrace

But the glazed terrace will allow you to create a full-fledged interior, serving as a summer recreation area, veranda or winter garden. Unambiguous and perhaps its most important advantage is that it can be fully used at any time of the year, while an open terrace is a “thing” purely seasonal.

It is best to take care of universal glazing, which allows you to turn a recreation area into an open space in the warm season. To decorate this veranda is in the same style as the rest of the house. In principle, this variant of a house with a terrace should be regarded more as a full-fledged interior than a traditional summer recreation area.

A separate type will be a roof terrace, which, due to the special popularity of flat roofs, is gaining momentum. Modern architecture with its concise lines, simple composition and the principles of minimalism allows you to equip full summer terraces, gardens and even swimming pools on the roof. The question arises: how to equip the terrace in this case?

It is very important to use only materials and furniture intended for the street, very carefully and moderately use wooden surfaces and take care of additional canopies, because in the summer on the roof can be quite hot.

Glazed terrace
Glazed terrace

Pool terrace

Another of the varieties of the terrace at the pool – by itself implies the presence of sun loungers, additional canopies and recreation areas. You will also need special sun protection systems.

When adjusting any of the types of terraces, it is always possible to provide additional functions. For example, a barbecue area or open fireplace, a home theater in the open air, an open bar and the like. In fact, there are lots of options, a house with a terrace is always a plus and it needs to be used.

Pool terrace
Pool terrace

Materials and equipment for the veranda

With regard to materials and equipment, when designing, always use only those that are specifically designed for outdoor use. Particular attention here should be given to wooden furniture and decoration.

The interior of the terrace, as we wrote earlier, has the same design principles as the interiors. The line between them is becoming less noticeable, because always a house with a terrace is perceived as a single whole.

In any case, the terrace, whether it is part of a mansion or a small villa, is something that deserves special attention. As in the interior, it is important to work out not only decoration and furniture, but also to think about decoration, proper use of lighting and a general concept of design.

Roof teracce
Roof teracce
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